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CO2-based synthetic fuel: Assessment of potential European capacity and environmental performance

CO2-based synthetic fuels are of increasing interest as a potential strategy to reduce petroleum consumption as well as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transportation sector. The most well-...
Published 2017.11.14: Publication

Global baseline assessment of compliance and enforcement programs for vehicle emissions and energy efficiency

As vehicle pollution and fuel efficiency regulations have become more stringent, the technologies required to mitigate emissions and reduce fuel consumption become increasingly complex. One...
Published 2017.11.14: Publication

Electric vehicle capitals of the world: What markets are leading the transition to electric?

This briefing provides an update on the global electric vehicle capitals—that is, the cities leading the transition to electric drive with greater sales and sales shares than other markets. We...
Published 2017.11.08: Publication

From laboratory to road: A 2017 update

This 2017 update of the From Laboratory to Road series covers 1.1 million passenger cars from 14 data sources and eight European countries. The analysis shows that the gap between official and real-...
Published 2017.11.05: Publication

From laboratory to road international: A comparison of official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 values for passenger cars in Europe, the United States, China, and Japan

This study investigates the gap between real-world and official CO2 emission values in the four largest vehicle markets in the world: China, the EU, Japan, and the United States. The analysis shows...
Published 2017.11.05: Publication

2020-2030 CO2 standards for new cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union

New passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles (vans) in the European Union are subject to mandatory carbon dioxide standards until 2020–2021. The European Commission, European Parliament, and EU...
Published 2017.10.26: Publication

Financing the transition to soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities

This report addresses the opportunities for facilitating, and the barriers to financing, the transition to soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities. A soot-free engine is any diesel or alternative...
Published 2017.10.11: Publication

CO2 reduction technologies for the European car and van fleet, a 2025–2030 assessment

When the European Union (EU) introduced its first set of mandatory new vehicle CO2 standards in 2009, for passenger cars, and 2011, for light commercial vehicles, vehicle mass was chosen as a utility...
Published 2017.10.10: Publication

Developing hydrogen fueling infrastructure for fuel cell vehicles: A status update

This paper assesses the development of hydrogen fueling infrastructure networks around the world. We compile data on the current state of development of fuel cell vehicle technology. We summarize...
Published 2017.10.04: Publication

Emerging best practices for electric vehicle charging infrastructure

This report provides a global assessment of charging infrastructure deployment practices, challenges, and emerging best practices in major electric vehicle markets. Although most early adopters...
Published 2017.10.04: Publication

Indirect greenhouse gas emissions of molasses ethanol in the European Union

The European Commission has proposed adding molasses to a list of advanced biofuel feedstocks eligible for support in the 2021-2030 timeframe under the recast Renewable Energy Directive. Final stage...
Published 2017.09.27: Publication

Transitioning to zero-emission heavy-duty freight vehicles

In this report, we assess zero-emission heavy-duty vehicle technology to support decarbonization of the freight sector. We compare the evolution of heavy-duty diesel, diesel hybrid, natural gas, fuel...
Published 2017.09.26: Publication

Effective policy design for promoting investment in advanced alternative fuels

Low-carbon fuels produced from non-food feedstocks have the potential to deliver deep greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions in transport fuels, but their commercialization has been slow despite a decade of...
Published 2017.09.21: Publication

Transparency of data in the regulation of vehicle emissions in the European Union and United States

Third-party, confirmatory testing is an important source of credibility in the vehicle type approval process. Access to the vehicle testing data needed to conduct confirmatory testing, however, is...
Published 2017.09.05: Publication

A roadmap for heavy-duty engine CO2 standards within the European Union framework

Four countries—Japan, the United States, Canada, and China—now have CO2 or efficiency standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). The United States and Canada have separate engine standards in addition...
Published 2017.09.04: Publication

Road tested: Comparative overview of real-world versus type-approval NOX and CO2 emissions from diesel cars in Europe

In September 2015, when the news broke about the illegal defeat device used by Volkswagen in the United States, no systematic overview of real-world NOx emission levels by vehicle manufacturer and...
Published 2017.09.03: Publication

Low-carbon technology pathways for soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities

Urban transit bus fleets are a significant source of air pollutant emissions, including black carbon, a harmful ultrafine particle and potent short-lived climate pollutant. Transit bus fleets are...
Published 2017.08.31: Publication

Real-world emissions testing on four vehicles

We commissioned the Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and its spin-off company, Emisia, to investigate real-world emissions of four Euro 6 passenger...
Published 2017.08.29: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Status of policies for clean vehicles and fuels in select G20 countries

Realizing the immense opportunity to promote energy efficiency in their economies, G20 economies adopted an Energy Efficiency Action Plan that identified six focus areas for collaborative activity,...
Published 2017.08.15: Publication

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