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Effective policy design for promoting investment in advanced alternative fuels

Low-carbon fuels produced from non-food feedstocks have the potential to deliver deep greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions in transport fuels, but their commercialization has been slow despite a decade...
Published 2017.09.21: Publication

Transparency of data in the regulation of vehicle emissions in the European Union and United States

Compliance testing and related activities generate a significant amount of data and information on new and in-use vehicles. By making the data and information freely available to the public,...
Published 2017.09.05: Publication

Road tested: Comparative overview of real-world versus type-approval NOx and CO2 emissions from diesel cars in Europe

In September 2015, when the news broke about the illegal defeat device used by Volkswagen in the United States, no systematic overview of real-world NOx emission levels by vehicle manufacturer and...
Published 2017.09.03: Publication

A roadmap for heavy-duty engine CO2 standards within the European Union framework

Four countries—Japan, the United States, Canada, and China—now have CO2 or efficiency standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). The United States and Canada have separate engine standards in...
Published 2017.09.03: Publication

Low-carbon technology pathways for soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities

Urban transit bus fleets are a significant source of air pollutant emissions, including black carbon, a harmful ultrafine particle and potent short-lived climate pollutant. Transit bus fleets are...
Published 2017.08.31: Publication

Real-world emissions testing on four vehicles

We commissioned the Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and its spin-off company, Emisia, to investigate real-world emissions of four Euro 6 passenger...
Published 2017.08.29: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Status of policies for clean vehicles and fuels in select G20 countries

Realizing the immense opportunity to promote energy efficiency in their economies, G20 economies adopted an Energy Efficiency Action Plan that identified six focus areas for collaborative activity,...
Published 2017.08.15: Publication

Certification of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of on-road heavy-duty vehicles in the European Union

On May 11, 2017, during the 67th meeting of the Technical Committee—Motor Vehicles, member states of the European Union unanimously adopted a draft implementing act put forward by the European...
Published 2017.08.01: Publication

Too low to be true? How to measure fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of plug-in hybrid vehicles, today and in the future

The global market for electric vehicles is growing rapidly and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) play a particularly important role given their relatively high market share – accounting for...
Published 2017.07.28: Publication

How rapeseed and soy biodiesel drive oil palm expansion

The role of food-based biofuels in climate mitigation policies such has long been controversial due to their impact on food prices and land use. Even when biofuel feedstocks are grown on existing...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

Fuel efficiency technology in European heavy-duty vehicles: Baseline and potential for the 2020–2030 timeframe

Heavy-duty vehicles produce about a quarter of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from road transport in the European Union (EU), and some 5% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Their share...
Published 2017.07.16: Publication

Market surveillance of vehicle emissions: Best-practice examples with respect to the European Commission's proposed type-approval framework regulation

On January 27, 2016, the European Commission (EC) proposed a new motor vehicle type-approval framework that will, if adopted, make fundamental and far-reaching changes to the existing Framework...
Published 2017.07.13: Publication

Barriers to the adoption of fuel-saving technologies in the trucking sector

Freight trucks are the backbone of most economies, because they are responsible for a significant portion of goods movement. Although freight trucks make up a relatively small percentage of the on-...
Published 2017.07.07: Publication

Shifting gears: The effects of a future decline in diesel market share on tailpipe CO2 and NOx emissions in Europe

The market share of fuel-efficient new diesel cars in the European Union has remained above 50% since 2010, greatly aiding the EU’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions. But diesel market share is...
Published 2017.07.05: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers' performance in 2016

The paper details manufacturers’ performance in terms of CO2 emissions reduction, fuel and technology trends, and market share. It focuses on differences between Member States and between the major...
Published 2017.07.03: Publication

2017 Global update: Light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards

Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have progressed significantly in a little more than a decade. Ten years ago, only four governments had...
Published 2017.06.23: Publication

Integrating electric vehicles within U.S. and European efficiency regulations

This paper assesses options for integrating electric vehicles within U.S. and European CO2 emission and efficiency regulations through 2030. The paper evaluates of future electric vehicle...
Published 2017.06.22: Publication

Diesel retrofit technologies and experience for on-road and off-road vehicles

Diesel engines are important power systems for on-road and off-road vehicles. These reliable, fuel-efficient, high-torque engines power the vast majority of the world’s heavy-duty trucks, buses, and...
Published 2017.06.13: Publication

Heavy-duty vehicles technology potential and cost study

Heavy-duty vehicles produce about a quarter of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from road transport in the European Union (EU), and some 5% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. And...
Published 2017.05.26: Publication

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