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Global baseline assessment of compliance and enforcement programs for vehicle emissions and energy efficiency

As vehicle pollution and fuel efficiency regulations have become more stringent, the technologies required to mitigate emissions and reduce fuel consumption become increasingly complex. One...
Published 2017.11.14: Publication

Low-carbon technology pathways for soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities

Urban transit bus fleets are a significant source of air pollutant emissions, including black carbon, a harmful ultrafine particle and potent short-lived climate pollutant. Transit bus fleets are...
Published 2017.08.31: Publication

Status of policies for clean vehicles and fuels in select G20 countries

Realizing the immense opportunity to promote energy efficiency in their economies, G20 economies adopted an Energy Efficiency Action Plan that identified six focus areas for collaborative activity,...
Published 2017.08.15: Publication

Laboratory and on-road emission testing of in-use passenger vehicles in India

Considering the overwhelming evidence of high in-use NOx emissions from diesel cars in Europe and the US, the impact of NOx emissions in human health, and the growing numbers of new diesel passenger...
Published 2017.06.26: Publication

2017 Global update: Light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards

Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have progressed significantly in a little more than a decade. Ten years ago, only four governments had...
Published 2017.06.23: Publication

Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel NOx emissions in 11 major vehicle markets

Access publication here: Nature, 25 May 2017, doi:10.1038/nature22086 Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel cars, trucks, and buses are a major contributor to air pollution-related deaths...
Published 2017.05.15: Publication

Impacts of world class vehicle efficiency and emissions regulations in select G20 countries

In 2014, the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan prioritized the establishment of a Transport Task Group (TTG) to promote cooperation among participating G20 countries to develop domestic policies that...
Published 2017.01.25: Publication

Improved heavy-duty vehicle fuel efficiency in India: Benefits, costs and environmental impacts

The main objectives of this analysis are to examine the benefits and costs of fuel-saving technologies for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in India over the next 10 years and, to explore how various...
Published 2017.01.20: Publication

Hybrid and electric vehicles in India: Current scenario and market incentives

While the FAME scheme provides incentives for all market segments, currently only the passenger car and two-wheeler segments appear to be reaping the maximum benefit from these incentives. In FY 2015...
Published 2016.12.28: Publication

Light-commercial vehicles in India, 2014-15: Technology assessment and international comparisons

The fleet average CO2 emissions for LCVs were 157.6 g/km in FY 2014-15. For the M2 category, the fleet average emissions were 238.1 g/km. Our analysis shows that even though the EU’s LCVs have higher...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Evaluation of emission-control scenarios for agricultural tractors and construction equipment

The market for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India is growing rapidly. Without further regulatory action to control emissions from these sources, they are expected to surpass on...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

A global strategy to introduce low-sulfur fuels and cleaner diesel vehicles

Diesel engines power the dominant share of goods movement, construction equipment, and public transport vehicles in the global economy. This report presents a global strategy to reduce fine...
Published 2016.11.28: Publication

Estimating the fuel efficiency technology potential of heavy-duty trucks in major markets around the world

This study, published by the Global Fuel Economy Initiative, investigates the potential for new freight-hauling tractor-trailers and rigid delivery trucks to improve in efficiency with the adoption...
Published 2016.11.02: Publication

Technology pathways for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Internal combustion engines are ubiquitous in today’s society. Applications for these engines cover a broad spectrum, ranging from vehicles that transport passengers and move goods to specialized...
Published 2016.09.16: Publication

India heavy-duty fleet modernization program: A scrappage program combined with accelerated adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards

Despite the fact that there are far fewer heavy-duty trucks and buses than motorcycles and cars plying the roads in India, heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) contribute the majority of transportation-related...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

On-board diagnostic (OBD) checks for inspection and maintenance in India

Poor air quality in India threatens the health of millions of people, and the country’s inspection and maintenance program, called Pollution Under Control (PUC), is struggling with outdated test...
Published 2016.06.07: Publication

Emissions inventory for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India

In 2014, the World Health Organization announced that India’s cities were among the most polluted in the world. Mobile sources are major contributors to local air pollution due to the emissions from...
Published 2016.05.18: Publication

Technical background on India BS VI fuel specifications

The proposed Bharat Stage (BS) VI regulation for on-road vehicles in India includes contains both emission standards for new vehicles as well as specifications for reference and commercial gasoline...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

India Bharat Stage VI emission standards

On February 19, 2016, the Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) issued a draft notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards for all major on-road vehicle categories in...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

Engine technology pathways for heavy-duty vehicles in India

The primary objective of this literature review is to provide a glimpse at technology changes for diesel and natural gas (NG) engines in the HDV space that are expected over the next 10 to 15 years...
Published 2016.03.10: Publication

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