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The European Commission's renewable energy proposal for 2030

On November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC) published a formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire...
Published 2017.01.20: Publication

Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Biofrontiers: Responsible innovation for tomorrow's liquid fuels

The Biofrontiers project set out to shed light on the challenges associated with advanced alternative low-carbon fuels, bringing together eleven stakeholders from both industry and civil society to...
Published 2016.10.14: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Crude oil greenhouse gas emissions calculation methodology for the Fuel Quality Directive

In 2009, the European Union (EU) amended the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) to introduce a target for European transport fuel suppliers to reduce the life cycle carbon intensity of their fuel by at...
Published 2015.12.04: Publication

Upstream emissions of fossil fuel feedstocks consumed in the European Union

In 2009, the European Union amended the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) to introduce a target for European transport fuel suppliers to reduce the lifecycle carbon intensity (‘CI’) of their fuel by at...
Published 2015.07.07: Publication

Low ILUC-risk; high loophole risk?

Producing first generation biofuels requires feedstock. When that feedstock comes from supplies of food crops (wheat, maize, rapeseed, soy etc.) then using it for biofuel production means it cannot...The idea of ‘low-ILUC risk’ biofuels has been around for a while, and a recent paper identifies the type of regional policies that could allow ILUC to be avoided. But are recent proposals to add the...
Published 2015.02.19: Blog Post

A Guide for the Perplexed to the Indirect Effects of Biofuels Production

Over the past decade, the concept of indirect land use change (ILUC) has come from obscurity to become a primary concern for biofuels policy. In the U.S., the Renewable Fuel Standard and California's...
Published 2014.09.04: Publication

EU Energy Council draft directive on indirect land use change

On June 13, the European Union’s Council of Energy Ministers agreed to a common position on the draft “ILUC proposal.” The Ministers’ June proposal would amend the Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality...
Published 2014.07.30: Publication

Wasted: Europe's untapped resource

Key findings: If all the wastes and residues that are sustainably available in the European Union were converted only to biofuels, this could supply 16 per cent of road transport fuel in 2030. (...
Published 2014.02.26: Publication

Availability of cellulosic residues and wastes in the EU

Demand for renewable energy has grown in the European Union over recent years, with policy support through the Renewable Energy Directive, Fuel Quality Directive, and Emissions Trading Scheme. While...
Published 2013.10.22: Publication

European Parliament votes on a revised iLUC proposal

On 11th September, the European Parliament voted on its first reading of a proposal from the European Commission to manage the risk of indirect land use change from the Renewable Energy and Fuel...
Published 2013.09.26: Blog Post

Industry and NGOs come together on sustainable second generation biofuels for Europe

Last week, a coalition of European environmental NGOs and advanced biofuel companies issued a joint statement on their position on support for sustainable second generation biofuels ahead of today’s...A joint statement from EU advanced biofuel industry and NGOs calls for a clear and stable incentive framework for biofuels produced from wastes and residues
Published 2013.09.11: Blog Post

EBB and f(al)low

On 2 September, the European Biodiesel Board (EBB) presented in Brussels results of a new study of indirect land use change, performed by a group of North American modelers using the Global Trade...A new iLUC study commissioned by the European Biodiesel Board reports very low values for iLUC emissions. These are largely the result of assumptions imposed that biofuel production will not lead to...
Published 2013.09.10: Blog Post

CARB looks to innovative methods to reduce upstream oil production emissions

In April of 2009 the California Air Resources Board (CARB) approved the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) regulation, which came into effect in January of 2010. The LCFS is one of few initiatives in...The California Air Resource Board has amended its system for crediting innovative emissions reductions from upstream oil operations
Published 2013.07.17: Blog Post

Am iLUC-ing in the wrong place?

There is a modern parable that goes something like this: An observer sees a man searching for something under a streetlight and asks what the man has lost. He says he lost his keys and they both...A new calculation for estimating iLUC emissions proposed in Europe by Prof. Uwe Lahl has the benefit of simplicity, but the drawback of not answering the right question.
Published 2013.07.10: Blog Post

The changing oil landscape, and the need for regulation

In January, ICCT collaborated with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Energy Foundation to present a symposium in Washington DC looking at the new realities of a world rich in...A new report from ICCT and Carnegie points to the opportunity to regulate crude oil production emissions
Published 2013.06.24: Blog Post

Uncovering Oil’s Unknowns

The oil market, which traditionally has been slow to change, is transforming in ways that were unthinkable a few years ago. By 2020, the United States is projected to be the world’s largest oil...
Published 2013.06.24: Publication

Vegetable oil markets and the EU biofuel mandate

An important question when estimating the indirect land use change emissions from biodiesel feedstocks is whether vegetable oils replace each other in the market, so that increased demand for one may...
Published 2013.02.11: Publication

Unconventional Oil Symposium

While worldwide supplies of accessible oil are growing, the array of emerging unconventional oil is diversifying. These new oil sources pose important energy, environmental, security, and climate...
Published 2013.01.09: Event

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