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Italy’s car market needs to make a U-turn

Between minuscule electric vehicle (EV) sales, growing diesel shares, and Italian carmakers’ struggle to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, Italy seems to be heading in the... Between minuscule electric vehicle (EV) sales, growing diesel shares, and Italian carmakers’ struggle to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, there is no doubt that Italy is...
Published 2017.09.18: Blog Post

Transparency of data in the regulation of vehicle emissions in the European Union and United States

Compliance testing and related activities generate a significant amount of data and information on new and in-use vehicles. By making the data and information freely available to the public,...
Published 2017.09.05: Publication

Test results confirm: Only 10% of Euro 6 cars meet emission limit in real-world driving conditions [press release]

In the aftermath of the Dieselgate scandal, government agencies across Europe began to systematically test diesel cars for their emission levels. A new study by the independent research organization...
Published 2017.09.03: News

Road tested: Comparative overview of real-world versus type-approval NOx and CO2 emissions from diesel cars in Europe

In September 2015, when the news broke about the illegal defeat device used by Volkswagen in the United States, no systematic overview of real-world NOx emission levels by vehicle manufacturer and...
Published 2017.09.03: Publication

A roadmap for heavy-duty engine CO2 standards within the European Union framework

Four countries—Japan, the United States, Canada, and China—now have CO2 or efficiency standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). The United States and Canada have separate engine standards in...
Published 2017.09.03: Publication

Low-carbon technology pathways for soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities

Urban transit bus fleets are a significant source of air pollutant emissions, including black carbon, a harmful ultrafine particle and potent short-lived climate pollutant. Transit bus fleets are...
Published 2017.08.31: Publication

Will the future RDE regulation be enough to restore trust in diesel technology?

The Volkswagen Group (including Audi and Porsche), Opel, Fiat, Renault, and now Daimler are recalling millions of diesel vehicles for a software update. All of these manufacturers claim their... The success of the RDE regulation will depend on the will of manufacturers to prove that they have learned a lesson from Dieselgate by beginning to focus on reducing real-world emissions, not just...
Published 2017.08.30: Blog Post

Real-world emissions testing on four vehicles

We commissioned the Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and its spin-off company, Emisia, to investigate real-world emissions of four Euro 6 passenger...
Published 2017.08.29: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Status of policies for clean vehicles and fuels in select G20 countries

Realizing the immense opportunity to promote energy efficiency in their economies, G20 economies adopted an Energy Efficiency Action Plan that identified six focus areas for collaborative activity,...
Published 2017.08.15: Publication

Certification of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of on-road heavy-duty vehicles in the European Union

On May 11, 2017, during the 67th meeting of the Technical Committee—Motor Vehicles, member states of the European Union unanimously adopted a draft implementing act put forward by the European...
Published 2017.08.01: Publication

Too low to be true? How to measure fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of plug-in hybrid vehicles, today and in the future

The global market for electric vehicles is growing rapidly and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) play a particularly important role given their relatively high market share – accounting for...
Published 2017.07.28: Publication

How rapeseed and soy biodiesel drive oil palm expansion

The role of food-based biofuels in climate mitigation policies such has long been controversial due to their impact on food prices and land use. Even when biofuel feedstocks are grown on existing...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

Fuel efficiency technology in European heavy-duty vehicles: Baseline and potential for the 2020–2030 timeframe

Heavy-duty vehicles produce about a quarter of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from road transport in the European Union (EU), and some 5% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. Their share...
Published 2017.07.16: Publication

Market surveillance of vehicle emissions: Best-practice examples with respect to the European Commission's proposed type-approval framework regulation

On January 27, 2016, the European Commission (EC) proposed a new motor vehicle type-approval framework that will, if adopted, make fundamental and far-reaching changes to the existing Framework...
Published 2017.07.13: Publication

Barriers to the adoption of fuel-saving technologies in the trucking sector

Freight trucks are the backbone of most economies, because they are responsible for a significant portion of goods movement. Although freight trucks make up a relatively small percentage of the on-...
Published 2017.07.07: Publication

[press release] Declining diesel car share not a hurdle for meeting the European Union’s CO2 reduction targets, instead helps reduce compliance costs for manufacturers

In the aftermath of the Dieselgate scandal, the market share of diesel cars in Europe is declining. The average diesel passenger car emits less carbon dioxide (CO2) than a comparable gasoline car...
Published 2017.07.05: News

Shifting gears: The effects of a future decline in diesel market share on tailpipe CO2 and NOx emissions in Europe

The market share of fuel-efficient new diesel cars in the European Union has remained above 50% since 2010, greatly aiding the EU’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions. But diesel market share is...
Published 2017.07.05: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers' performance in 2016

The paper details manufacturers’ performance in terms of CO2 emissions reduction, fuel and technology trends, and market share. It focuses on differences between Member States and between the major...
Published 2017.07.03: Publication

Like magic! How to make high vehicle CO2 emissions simply disappear

Ask people on the streets in Germany who they think is the most famous magician ever, and the name you would probably hear most is David Copperfield. Almost everyone knows him and is fascinated by... On June 26, the BMVI finally published the CO2 measurement results we had been waiting for. But in the interim the Ministry re-tested 29 of the original vehicle models. Only a subset of those...
Published 2017.07.03: Blog Post

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