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Distribution of air pollution from oceangoing vessels in the Greater Pearl River Delta, 2015

China is the world’s second largest economy and the largest trading nation in the world. Its coastline is visited by thousands of cargo-carrying ships on a daily basis. The Greater Pearl River Delta...
Published 2017.08.23: Publication

The IMO just took a significant step toward reducing the use of heavy fuel oil in the Arctic

Last week, Canada, Finland, Germany, Iceland, the Netherlands, Norway, and the United States asked the International Maritime Organization to formally consider the risks of using heavy fuel oil in... The IMO will consider concrete proposals on ways to reduce the risks of HFO at the next meeting of its Marine Environment Protection Committee, MEPC 72 in April 2018. A decision on what should be...
Published 2017.07.12: Blog Post

Prevalence of heavy fuel oil and black carbon in Arctic shipping, 2015 to 2025

Dwindling sea ice is opening new shipping routes through the Arctic, with shipping activity expected to increase with oil and gas development and as ships take advantage of shorter trans-Arctic...
Published 2017.05.01: Publication

Alternatives to heavy fuel oil use in the Arctic: Economic and environmental tradeoffs

The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO)—the leftover residues from the crude oil refining process—as a marine fuel poses serious environmental and economic risks, especially in ecologically sensitive areas...
Published 2017.04.18: Publication

Marine engine emission standards for China's domestic vessels

On August 30, 2016, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) jointly released the first-ever...
Published 2017.03.21: Publication

Quibbles over the perfect way to measure black carbon emissions from ships are keeping us from commonsense moves to control them

At a time when Arctic sea ice should be nearing its maximum extent, we’re seeing record-low ice cover for this time of year. It’s so hot at the pole that scientists are toying with ideas to re-freeze... Without regulation, it’s unlikely that the international maritime shipping sector will voluntarily find ways to cut black carbon emissions, despite the climate benefit. Thus, we need to move on from...
Published 2017.03.21: Blog Post

Black carbon measurement methods and emission factors from ships

Black carbon (BC) emissions from ships contribute to human induced climate warming and are linked with human health issues, such as lung cancer, respiratory illness, and cardiopulmonary disease....
Published 2017.03.20: Publication

Heavy fuel oil use in Arctic shipping in 2015

The use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO) poses many risks to the Arctic environment, including damage from oil spills and emissions of black carbon, a potent climate pollutant. Recent...
Published 2016.10.21: Publication

End of Crystal Serenity’s voyage spotlights way to ban toxic fuel in Arctic

The just-concluded voyage of the luxury cruise liner Crystal Serenity brought into focus many of the risks of rising ship traffic in the Arctic. They include water and air pollution, the possible... With Arctic shipping expected to rise, there may be an argument that communities in the Arctic ought to be protected from ship emissions just like the rest of the continent. Though it’s an open...
Published 2016.09.27: Blog Post

Black carbon: Bringing the heat to the Arctic

The Crystal Serenity, the first luxury cruise ship to sail the Northwest Passage, arrived safely in New York City last Friday. On her 32-day voyage, we estimate that the Crystal Serenity consumed... On her 32-day voyage through the Northwest Passage, the Crystal Serenity probably emitted a bit more than 1 metric ton of black carbon, a climate forcer about 3200 times more powerful than CO2—and...
Published 2016.09.21: Blog Post

Heavy fuel oil is considered the most significant threat to the Arctic. So why isn’t it banned yet?

Heavy fuel oil (HFO) is the bottom of the barrel leftovers from the oil refining process. It is incredibly viscous; at room temperature, it can be the consistency of peanut butter. Few engines can... When we know that heavy fuel oil is the biggest threat to the Arctic marine environment, dangerous to human and environmental health, and already banned in the Antarctic, shouldn’t we seriously...
Published 2016.09.15: Blog Post

3rd Workshop on Marine Black Carbon Emissions: Measuring and Controlling BC from Marine Engines

This invitation-only workshop was held in Vancouver, BC, Canada on September 7th and 8th, 2016. The International Council on Clean Transportation hosted the workshop in collaboration with Environment...
Published 2016.09.15: Event

In the land of the midnight sun, Arctic shipping is on the rise

The luxury cruise ship Crystal Serenity offers many excursions on its unprecedented 32-day voyage through the icy waters of the Northwest Passage. One of them was a recent visit to Shishmaref, Alaska... As we gain a more complete understanding of ship activity using the satellite AIS data, we can better estimate the environmental and economic effects of international shipping, especially in fragile...
Published 2016.08.29: Blog Post

The voyage of the Crystal Serenity and the risks of Arctic shipping

Figure 1. The Crystal Serenity's journey through the Northwest Passage, 16 August to 17 September 2016. As the Arctic warms, areas once clogged by sea ice are increasingly accessible to fishing, oil... However unprecedented, the Serenity’s voyage is a sign of things to come and may be the beginning of a boom in Arctic vessel activity. While Arctic shipping may bring economic benefits to both local...
Published 2016.08.17: Blog Post

Naya Olmer

Published 2016.06.23: Profile

Policies for efficient transport will lower oil prices, create jobs, and help countries meet climate pledges

Signed by 177 countries in April, the Paris climate agreement has been hailed by business leaders and heads of state as the “end of the fossil fuel era.” Now, as countries translate their intended... The expansion of fuel-saving transport policies has important implications for the future of the global oil market and its impacts on major economies.
Published 2016.06.13: Blog Post

Action plan for establishing ship emission control zones in China

On 4 December 2015, China’s Ministry of Transport (MOT) released an action plan for implementing Ship Emission Control Zones (ECZs) in three key coastal regions: the Yangtze River Delta Region (YRD...
Published 2016.05.27: Publication

Oil market futures: Effects of low-carbon transport policies on long-term oil prices

This study, commissioned by the European Climate Foundation, evaluates the effects of transport technology and policies on oil prices and the wider economy. The study compares a Business-as-Usual (...
Published 2016.04.29: Publication

Xiaoli Mao

Published 2016.02.05: Profile

Costs and benefits of shore power at the port of Shenzhen

China is home to seven of the world’s ten largest and busiest container ports. While these ports bring an economic benefit to China, they also bring shipping-related emissions. Studies conducted in...
Published 2015.12.28: Publication

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