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A sneak preview of future stages of Indian emission standards for non-road engines reveals a tractor-sized loophole

In January, the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) published a booklet summarizing Indian emissions regulations for transportation sources. It is a particularly valuable resource for...In short, it’s welcome news that Indian regulators have set their sights on catching up with best-practice emissions standards for non-road engines. Here’s hoping that in aiming for that goal in 2025...
Published 2017.04.06: Blog Post

Evaluation of emission-control scenarios for agricultural tractors and construction equipment

The market for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India is growing rapidly. Without further regulatory action to control emissions from these sources, they are expected to surpass on...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Leapfrogging an outdated standard puts India on par with global leaders in control of vehicle emissions

On September 16, 2016 the Government of India took an important step towards addressing the country’s severe air pollution problems with the final notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission...The adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards will significantly reduce air pollutant emissions from vehicles sold in India beginning in 2020. However, changes in the final rule notification...
Published 2016.10.11: Blog Post

Technology pathways for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Internal combustion engines are ubiquitous in today’s society. Applications for these engines cover a broad spectrum, ranging from vehicles that transport passengers and move goods to specialized...
Published 2016.09.16: Publication

India heavy-duty fleet modernization program: A scrappage program combined with accelerated adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards

Despite the fact that there are far fewer heavy-duty trucks and buses than motorcycles and cars plying the roads in India, heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) contribute the majority of transportation-related...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Just one more diesel car?

As the debate over local air quality intensifies in Delhi, the Supreme Court of India is considering whether to continue the restriction on sale of diesel cars with engines larger than two liters in...Another possible option beyond levying a punitive fee on diesel vehicles or banning their sale would be for diesel vehicle manufacturers to voluntarily agree to equip all new diesel vehicles sold in...
Published 2016.05.27: Blog Post

Emissions inventory for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India

In 2014, the World Health Organization announced that India’s cities were among the most polluted in the world. Mobile sources are major contributors to local air pollution due to the emissions from...
Published 2016.05.18: Publication

Should Delhi ban diesels?

Next week the verdict will be in on whether Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal achieved any meaningful reductions in vehicle emissions with his “odd-even” scheme to cut down on the number of...The health evidence on diesels justifies actions that extend restrictions on diesels until they are cleaner. The court should consider a new tax scheme on diesels to pay for their health damages or...
Published 2016.04.29: Blog Post

Technical background on India BS VI fuel specifications

The proposed Bharat Stage (BS) VI regulation for on-road vehicles in India includes contains both emission standards for new vehicles as well as specifications for reference and commercial gasoline...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

India Bharat Stage VI emission standards

On February 19, 2016, the Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) issued a draft notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards for all major on-road vehicle categories in...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

Engine technology pathways for heavy-duty vehicles in India

The primary objective of this literature review is to provide a glimpse at technology changes for diesel and natural gas (NG) engines in the HDV space that are expected over the next 10 to 15 years...
Published 2016.03.10: Publication

Direct progression from Bharat IV to Bharat VI national vehicle emission standards in India

The Indian Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has been considering the possibility of leapfrogging from Bharat Stage (BS) IV emission standards in April 2017 to BS VI emission standards in April...
Published 2015.09.15: Publication

Why heavy-duty engine standards put India on the best path forward

Last week, my colleague Anup Bandivadekar and I held a webinar to discuss the heavy-duty truck and bus market in India and considerations for an upcoming regulatory program to improve the fuel...Efficiency standards for engines are the most advantageous regulatory design option for India to maximize near-term fuel savings and emission reduction benefits from new heavy-duty vehicles. Engine...
Published 2015.08.25: Blog Post

Making Bharat VI affordable

Public anxiety is building over severe pollution levels in Delhi and the health toll of air pollution in India as a whole. At a recent hearing of the long-standing case on air pollution, the Ministry...India is considering making a jump from Bharat IV directly to Bharat VI emissions standards. There are some concerns about cost. One effective way to answer them would be to establish a national HDV...
Published 2015.03.02: Blog Post

Policy update: Bharat Stage IV emission standards for two-wheelers in India

On July 4, 2014, India finalized the fourth stage of emission standards for motorized two- wheeled vehicles. The Bharat Stage (BS) IV standards will go into effect for type approval of new motorcycle...
Published 2014.08.12: Publication

भारत में वाहनीय प्रदूषण को नियन्त्रण में लाना अनिवार्य

प्रेस विज्ञाप्ति, 7 नवम्बर 2013   जल्द से जल्द अतिनिम्न सल्फर ईंधनों और भारत प्रक्रम (बी.एस.) VI वाहनीय उत्सर्जन मानकों को लागू करने से वायु प्रदूषण प्रभावशाली तरीके से कम होगा, जिससे जनस्वास्थ्य को...
Published 2013.11.08: News

India's vehicle emissions control program

Rising transportation activity—the ever-increasing demand to move more people and goods further and faster—is both a cause and an effect of India’s rapid economic growth. As necessary as the increase...
Published 2013.11.05: Publication

Clearing the air in India

Rapid adoption of ultra-low sulphur fuels and BS VI vehicle emission standards would dramatically improve India’s air quality to the benefit of public health Policy action is urgently needed to...
Published 2013.11.04: News

Year after year after year ...

A recent ICCT briefing paper pointed out the consequences of delaying the implementation of stricter vehicle emission and fuel quality standards in India: over 48,000 premature deaths by 2045 that...Another look at the consequences of delay in implementing stricter vehicle emission and fuel quality standards in India.
Published 2013.10.15: Blog Post

Impact of standards on premature mortality and emissions: India in global context

Approximately ten percent of all years of life lost from exposure to vehicle emissions around the world occur in India. Without new limits on vehicle emissions and fuel sulfur content, the number of...
Published 2013.09.26: Publication

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