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Transparency of data in the regulation of vehicle emissions in the European Union and United States

Compliance testing and related activities generate a significant amount of data and information on new and in-use vehicles. By making the data and information freely available to the public,...
Published 2017.09.05: Publication

Real-world emissions testing on four vehicles

We commissioned the Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and its spin-off company, Emisia, to investigate real-world emissions of four Euro 6 passenger...
Published 2017.08.29: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Laboratory and on-road emission testing of in-use passenger vehicles in India

Considering the overwhelming evidence of high in-use NOx emissions from diesel cars in Europe and the US, the impact of NOx emissions in human health, and the growing numbers of new diesel passenger...
Published 2017.06.26: Publication

Diesel retrofit technologies and experience for on-road and off-road vehicles

Diesel engines are important power systems for on-road and off-road vehicles. These reliable, fuel-efficient, high-torque engines power the vast majority of the world’s heavy-duty trucks, buses, and...
Published 2017.06.13: Publication

Heavy-duty vehicles technology potential and cost study

Heavy-duty vehicles produce about a quarter of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from road transport in the European Union (EU), and some 5% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. And...
Published 2017.05.26: Publication

Managing emissions from non-road vehicles

Non-road vehicles, mainly agricultural and construction equipment, are a key source of pollution in many countries and regions: In the United States, they account for almost three quarters of the...
Published 2017.04.24: Publication

Black carbon measurement methods and emission factors from ships

Black carbon (BC) emissions from ships contribute to human induced climate warming and are linked with human health issues, such as lung cancer, respiratory illness, and cardiopulmonary disease....
Published 2017.03.20: Publication

Cross-price elasticities for oils and fats in the U.S. and the EU

Market linkages between oils and fats are essential for understanding the indirect impacts of biodiesel and renewable diesel production. This study was commissioned by ICCT and performed by Fabio...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

2025 Passenger car and light commercial vehicle powertrain technology analysis

The ICCT commissioned the German engineering services provider FEV to carry out detailed computer simulations and bottom-up "tear-down" cost estimates for individual technologies and technology...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

On-road testing of CO2 and exhaust emissions from Euro 6 passenger cars in the EU

In 2015, the ICCT commissioned Emissions Analytics, a commercial test house specializing in testing real-world fuel consumption and emissions, to perform on-road testing of Euro 6-regulated gasoline...
Published 2016.11.14: Publication

Aviation fuel efficiency technology assessment (AFETA)

Tecolote Research, Inc. is a private firm specializing in cost estimations for high-technology acquisition programs, with more than 40 years experience supporting U.S. government agencies. ICCT...
Published 2016.09.27: Publication

Strengthening the regulation of defeat devices in the European Union

Although the language in the U.S. and EU regulations on vehicle emissions testing prohibiting defeat devices, and defining exemptions or exceptions, is very similar, the regulations have been...
Published 2016.08.12: Publication

Assessing real-world CO2 emissions using simulation and PEMS data

The Real Driving Emissions (RDE) testing procedure will introduce on-road testing as well as not-to-exceed emission limits for new passenger cars in Europe. However, for the time being, these on-...
Published 2016.06.21: Publication

Analysis of the current development of household UCO collection systems in the EU

Used cooking oil (UCO) is a low carbon feedstock for biodiesel production in the EU, but this resource is not fully utilized. While collection of UCO from restaurants and hotels is relatively...
Published 2016.06.14: Publication

Sustainability criteria for biofuels made from land and non-land based feedstocks

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) was asked to prepare a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

Leveling the playing field for novel fuel technologies

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, Défense Terre was asked to analyze the regulatory treatment of thirteen novel fuel technologies or “NFTs” in the European Union and...
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in Indonesia

ICCT commissioned this study by Dr. Christopher Teh Boon Sung, a professor at the University Putra Malaysia, to review and assess the environmental implications of removing palm residues from...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Data sources to support land suitability assessments for bioenergy feedstocks in the EU: A review

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy was asked to undertake a review of the availability of data on European land use,...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

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