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Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

The European Commission's renewable energy proposal for 2030

On November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC) published a formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire...
Published 2017.01.20: Publication

Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Biofrontiers: Responsible innovation for tomorrow's liquid fuels

The Biofrontiers project set out to shed light on the challenges associated with advanced alternative low-carbon fuels, bringing together eleven stakeholders from both industry and civil society to...
Published 2016.10.14: Publication

Analysis of the current development of household UCO collection systems in the EU

Used cooking oil (UCO) is a low carbon feedstock for biodiesel production in the EU, but this resource is not fully utilized. While collection of UCO from restaurants and hotels is relatively...
Published 2016.06.14: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

How to advance cellulosic biofuels

The use of advanced biofuels (produced from agricultural or forest residues or sustainable energy crops) in transport is generally viewed as a sustainable manner in which to mitigate the climate...
Published 2016.01.20: Publication

Low ILUC-risk; high loophole risk?

Producing first generation biofuels requires feedstock. When that feedstock comes from supplies of food crops (wheat, maize, rapeseed, soy etc.) then using it for biofuel production means it cannot... The idea of ‘low-ILUC risk’ biofuels has been around for a while, and a recent paper identifies the type of regional policies that could allow ILUC to be avoided. But are recent proposals to add the...
Published 2015.02.19: Blog Post

A Guide for the Perplexed to the Indirect Effects of Biofuels Production

Over the past decade, the concept of indirect land use change (ILUC) has come from obscurity to become a primary concern for biofuels policy. In the U.S., the Renewable Fuel Standard and California'...
Published 2014.09.04: Publication

EU Energy Council draft directive on indirect land use change

On June 13, the European Union’s Council of Energy Ministers agreed to a common position on the draft “ILUC proposal.” The Ministers’ June proposal would amend the Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality...
Published 2014.07.30: Publication

Wasted: Europe's untapped resource

Key findings: If all the wastes and residues that are sustainably available in the European Union were converted only to biofuels, this could supply 16 per cent of road transport fuel in 2030. (...
Published 2014.02.26: Publication

Climate mitigation potential of biofuels from residues and wastes

This paper conducts a novel analysis of the carbon intensity of several advanced biofuel pathways and processes. Using the U.K. Department for Transport biofuels carbon calculator as an LCA...
Published 2014.01.30: Publication

Availability of cellulosic residues and wastes in the EU

Demand for renewable energy has grown in the European Union over recent years, with policy support through the Renewable Energy Directive, Fuel Quality Directive, and Emissions Trading Scheme. While...
Published 2013.10.22: Publication

European Parliament votes on a revised iLUC proposal

On 11th September, the European Parliament voted on its first reading of a proposal from the European Commission to manage the risk of indirect land use change from the Renewable Energy and Fuel...
Published 2013.09.26: Blog Post

Industry and NGOs come together on sustainable second generation biofuels for Europe

Last week, a coalition of European environmental NGOs and advanced biofuel companies issued a joint statement on their position on support for sustainable second generation biofuels ahead of today’s... A joint statement from EU advanced biofuel industry and NGOs calls for a clear and stable incentive framework for biofuels produced from wastes and residues
Published 2013.09.11: Blog Post

EBB and f(al)low

On 2 September, the European Biodiesel Board (EBB) presented in Brussels results of a new study of indirect land use change, performed by a group of North American modelers using the Global Trade... A new iLUC study commissioned by the European Biodiesel Board reports very low values for iLUC emissions. These are largely the result of assumptions imposed that biofuel production will not lead to...
Published 2013.09.10: Blog Post

Am iLUC-ing in the wrong place?

There is a modern parable that goes something like this: An observer sees a man searching for something under a streetlight and asks what the man has lost. He says he lost his keys and they both look... A new calculation for estimating iLUC emissions proposed in Europe by Prof. Uwe Lahl has the benefit of simplicity, but the drawback of not answering the right question.
Published 2013.07.10: Blog Post

Vegetable oil markets and the EU biofuel mandate

An important question when estimating the indirect land use change emissions from biodiesel feedstocks is whether vegetable oils replace each other in the market, so that increased demand for one...
Published 2013.02.11: Publication

Proposed amendments to EU Fuel Quality and Renewable Energy Directives (revised)

In late September we provided an update on a draft proposal from the European Commission to amend Europe’s Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) to address indirect land...
Published 2012.12.06: Publication

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