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Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Assessing the profitability of growing dedicated energy versus food crops in four European countries

While energy crops are a widely-considered option for biofuel production, they could impact food production and cause indirect land use change (ILUC) if they displace food crops on existing...
Published 2016.11.18: Publication

Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

What’s the real impact of indirect land-use change?

If shifting crops from food to biofuels may have unintended effects on land use and climate change, should policymakers consider those impacts when designing fuels policies? David Zilberman’s recent...Rather than stifling the biofuels industry as a whole, ILUC factors encourage both the development of innovative technologies to reduce direct emissions and the transition to second-generation...
Published 2016.08.11: Blog Post

A critique of soil carbon assumptions used in ILUC modeling

Recent estimates of land use change emissions vary widely, in part due to differences in assumptions on soil carbon. In this report, we review a recent meta-analysis on soil carbon changes with land...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Sustainability criteria for biofuels made from land and non-land based feedstocks

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) was asked to prepare a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

Crops of the biofrontier: In search of opportunities for sustainable energy cropping

European biofuel policy has been dominated by discussions about the indirect effects of biofuel consumption, and in particular indirect land use change and impacts on food prices and security. One...
Published 2016.04.13: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Yes We Can! (Meet the EU advanced biofuels target, that is)

One of the environmentally positive outcomes of the EU’s ILUC Directive was the requirement for Member States to set national targets for advanced biofuels made from non-food feedstocks including...Matching strong incentives for the cellulosic industry with rules for the sustainable production and harvest of feedstocks could usher in a new era of very low carbon renewable fuels that help us...
Published 2016.02.11: Blog Post

Assessment of the scale of potential indirect emissions due to higher oil use

The inclusion of indirect land use change (ILUC) emissions in the life-cycle assessment of biofuels in several biofuel policies has led to increased attention to the question of whether there are...
Published 2015.10.15: Publication

Wearing the cap: A place for food-based ethanol in the RED?

In Europe, a long-running process of revising the EU’s biofuel policy is, after several years of discussion, analysis and negotiation, gradually drawing to a close. It is widely expected that within...The EU will probably soon reach agreement on amendments to the Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality Directives (RED and FQD) that will recognize concerns raised about indirect land use change and...
Published 2015.03.14: Blog Post

Low ILUC-risk; high loophole risk?

Producing first generation biofuels requires feedstock. When that feedstock comes from supplies of food crops (wheat, maize, rapeseed, soy etc.) then using it for biofuel production means it cannot...The idea of ‘low-ILUC risk’ biofuels has been around for a while, and a recent paper identifies the type of regional policies that could allow ILUC to be avoided. But are recent proposals to add the...
Published 2015.02.19: Blog Post

A Guide for the Perplexed to the Indirect Effects of Biofuels Production

Over the past decade, the concept of indirect land use change (ILUC) has come from obscurity to become a primary concern for biofuels policy. In the U.S., the Renewable Fuel Standard and California's...
Published 2014.09.04: Publication

Indirect land use change: The facts

Indirect land-use change, or ILUC, has dominated much of the conversation on biofuels for the past six years, and the debate is far from over. ICCT's Fuels Program Lead, Chris Malins, will give a...
Published 2014.08.27: Event

Wasted: Europe's untapped resource

Key findings: If all the wastes and residues that are sustainably available in the European Union were converted only to biofuels, this could supply 16 per cent of road transport fuel in 2030. (...
Published 2014.02.26: Publication

It's a jungle out there: iLUC, the Amazon and how to read a map

A recent ‘Biofuels Digest’ article presented a new deforestation monitoring tool from Global Forest Watch. The tool, which “unites satellite technology, open data, and crowdsourcing to guarantee...The Biofuel Digest has decided that iLUC doesn't exist. Is the iLUC debate over, or is there a different way to understand the data they've been looking at?
Published 2014.02.24: Blog Post

Climate mitigation potential of biofuels from residues and wastes

This paper conducts a novel analysis of the carbon intensity of several advanced biofuel pathways and processes. Using the U.K. Department for Transport biofuels carbon calculator as an LCA framework...
Published 2014.01.30: Publication

European Parliament votes on a revised iLUC proposal

On 11th September, the European Parliament voted on its first reading of a proposal from the European Commission to manage the risk of indirect land use change from the Renewable Energy and Fuel...
Published 2013.09.26: Blog Post

Industry and NGOs come together on sustainable second generation biofuels for Europe

Last week, a coalition of European environmental NGOs and advanced biofuel companies issued a joint statement on their position on support for sustainable second generation biofuels ahead of today’s...A joint statement from EU advanced biofuel industry and NGOs calls for a clear and stable incentive framework for biofuels produced from wastes and residues
Published 2013.09.11: Blog Post

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