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EcoMotors, Inc., (EM), developer of opposed-piston opposed-cylinder (opoc) engine technology (earlier post), has formed a joint venture with First Auto Works Jingye Engine Company (FAW JY) to develop, manufacture, sell and service the opoc engine technology in China.
The opoc architecture comprises 50% fewer components and far less mass than conventional internal combustion engines. The fully modular capability of opoc enables significant efficiency gains—up to nearly half the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in “dual-module” configurations when compared with conventional engines of similar power.
The reduced mass and weight also allows automakers to fundamentally rethink the way they design vehicles, which holds the potential for further efficiencies through improved aerodynamics.
The joint venture, named BEM [Shanxi] Co., Ltd, is an important step as EM expands its business in China and continues to commercialize its technology globally. For FAW JY, the agreement allows them to bring the diesel opoc engine technology to China’s growing commercial automotive and engine market, and develop alternative fuel powertrains on the opoc architecture that use natural gas and methanol.
FAW JY is fully funding the building of the commercial-scale plant in China’s Shanxi Province at a total investment in excess of US $200 million (USD); FAW JY will retain a 51% ownership of the joint venture with EM retaining 49%. Preparation for manufacturing is expected to begin in late 2014 at the new facility, with an estimated production capacity of 100,000 engines per year beginning in 2015.
Bob Henson • March 5, 2014 | Even as frigid air kept parts of the Midwest and Northeast in a headlock, the remarkable meteorological winter of 2013–14 ended on Friday. That’s based on how weatherpeople define the season in the Northern Hemisphere: December through February, which are the three coldest months of the year in most mid- and high-latitude areas. So perhaps now is a good time to start putting this memorable period in our rear-view mirror.
At the Geneva Motor Show, Toyota Motor Europe (TME) announced that European sales of hybrid vehicles reached an all-time high in 2013 totaling 156,863 units, up 43% year-on-year. Hybrid models now represent 18.5% total TME sales, including several countries outside of the EU. In Western Europe, 28% of all Toyota and Lexus vehicles sold are hybrid models.
In 2013 total Toyota Motor Europe sales reached 847,540 vehicles, an increase of 9,569 units from 2012, equalling a 0.2 percentage point share gain to 4.7%. This progress is mainly due to the excellent sales performance of hybrid models.
Hybrid vehicle production for Toyota in Europe has doubled to reach a record 116,383 units produced at the company’s manufacturing facilities in France (Yaris Hybrid) and in the United Kingdom (Auris Hybrid and Auris Hybrid Touring Sports).
In 2013, the B-segment Yaris Hybrid ended the year with sales more than doubling year-on-year reaching 49,774 units, an increase of 25,041 units from 2012. Yaris Hybrid sales represented 28% of total Yaris sales in 2013.
The hybrid powertrain was optimized for installation within the vehicle’s compact packaging. The downsized hybrid system combines a 1.5-liter gasoline engine with a light, compact electric motor, transaxle, inverter and battery pack. It delivers an average fuel consumption of 3.5 l/100 km (67 mpg US) and CO2 emissions of 79 g/km, while allowing customers frequent electric driving mode.
The Auris Hybrid registered a record year: the Hatchback saw its hybrid sales increase by 66% to 39,438 units; the Hybrid model represented 37% of the Auris Hatchback sales.
The Auris Hybrid combines a 1.8-liter engine with a 60 kW motor and NiMH battery pack; combined cycle fuel consumption is 3.6 l/100 km (65 mpg US), with 84 g/km CO2.
Wagon body-style variants currently represent 25% of the C-segment market, with 75% of those sales attributed to the fleet market. Since its launch in July until the end of 2013, the Auris Hybrid Touring Sports achieved a 60% hybrid mix, equalling 15,175 units. Combined fuel consumption is 3.7 l/100 km (63.6 mpg US), with 85 g/km CO2.
In addition, Toyota Europe offers the Toyota Prius, Prius+, and Prius Plug-in Hybrid, as well as the Lexus CT 200h, IS 300h, GS 300h, LS 600h and 600hL, and Rx 450h.