- Where We Work
- Who We Are
- Info & Tools
Severe droughts are forcing researchers to rethink how technology can increase the supply of fresh water.
Even in drought-stricken California, San Diego stands out. It gets less rain than parched Los Angeles or Fresno. The region has less groundwater than many other parts of the state. And more than 80 percent of water for homes and businesses is imported from sources that are increasingly stressed. The Colorado River is so overtaxed that it rarely reaches the sea; water originating in the Sacramento River delta, more than 400 miles north, was rationed by state officials this year, cutting off some farmers in California’s Central Valley from their main source of irrigation. San Diego County, hot, dry, and increasingly populous, offers a preview of where much of the world is headed. So too does a recent decision by the county government: it is building the largest seawater desalination plant in the Western Hemisphere, at a cost of $1 billion.
Airbus forecasts that China will need more than 5,300 new passenger aircraft and freighters from 2014 to 2033, with a total market value of US$820 billion. That represents 17% of the world total demand for over 31,000 new aircraft in the next 20 years.
According to Airbus’ 2014-2033 Global Market Forecast, new deliveries of passenger and freight aircraft for China will be 5,363 over the next 20 years, including 3,567 single aisle aircraft, 1,477 twin-aisles and 319 very large aircraft.
China will become the leading country for passenger air traffic, for both domestic and international markets as the passenger traffic in China will grow well above the world average.
Domestic air traffic in China will become the world’s number one within 10 years. China will overtake the United States of America in 2023, in terms of the number of passengers and in 2027, in terms of RPK (Revenue Passenger Kilometer). In the next 20 years, the forecast average annual growth rate for the domestic Chinese market is 7.1% but will grow even faster over the next 10 years at 8.3% on average per year. By 2033, the domestic Chinese market will remain the largest flow, representing 11.9% of world traffic in terms of RPK.
During the period between 2013 and 2023, the average annual growth rate for international traffic from/to mainland China will be 8.1%, according to the forecast. Four out of the 20 largest flows (RPK) will be from/to PRC. The average annual growth rate for markets between emerging Asian countries and PRC is 7.5%, for routes between PRC and the USA is 6.6%, while the routes between Western Europe and PRC is 5.6%.
Domestic passenger traffic in Mainland China has more than quadrupled over the last 10 years, and it will become the world’s number one aviation market within the next 10 years. Airbus’ share of the in-service fleet of aircraft over 100 seats on the Chinese mainland has reached 50 per cent in 2013. In the next 20 years, the greatest demand for passenger aircraft will come from China.—John Leahy, Airbus Chief Operating Officer Customers
Drivers of China’s dynamic air transport growth include the country’s long-term economic development. The average annual economic growth in China is forecast at 7.4% between 2013 and 2023. China will become the world’s biggest economy in 2023, with its GDP accounting for 19% of the world’s total.
The urbanization of China is one of the major driving forces for the country’s economic growth. The urban population in China’s mainland was 711 million in 2013, representing 54% of the total population. The urban population will grow to 1,014 million in 2033, representing 71% of the population.
Average wages in China have increased five-fold in the past decade and they will continue to rise in the years ahead and fuel higher levels of disposable income and private consumption, which is expected to account for 41% of Chinese GDP in 2023.