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These stricter emission norms will hopefully curb the increasing problem of air pollution in the country, which, according to a World Health Organisation study, is home to 13 of the 20 dirtiest cities in the world.
Atanu Ganguli, senior director at Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) said “the auto industry has agreed to compress the deadline by a year”. Adding that this change will lead to an increase in price of diesel vehicles by Rs 30-50,000 in the move from BS IV to V and a further increase when it reaches BS IV.Air pollution is the fifth larger killer in India
Delhi is currently the world’s most polluted city, according to a World Health Organisation study, and fuel emissions are seen as a leading cause of this. Plus, in 2013, the Global Burden of Disease study concluded that air pollution was the fifth largest killer in India with around 620,000 deaths occurring in 2010 from diseases related to this on going problem.
In April, Bloomberg news reported that India is currently almost a decade behind other developing countries such as Turkey and Brazil in regards to creating cleaner burning fuel. A panel was set up in December 2012 to revaluate the country’s auto emission standards. Saumitra Chaudhuri, planning commission member has stated that oil refineries must stop production of Bharat stage III and move directly to stage IV no later than January 2017. After it’s introduction in 2010, Bharat stage IV is limited to only 30 cities.Refiners and auto manufacturers will have to adapt to this higher quality fuel
Bharat stage V fuel specifies a maximum of 10 parts per million (ppm) of sulphur in comparison to stage IV (50ppm) and stage III (150ppm). The sulphur in fuel both dirties and lowers the efficiency of the catalytic converters that are in place to control fuel emissions. To meet this new stricter standard, refiners will be expected to spend roughly 80,000 crore and auto manufacturers will need to create vehicles that are suited to this higher quality fuel.
Officials from the automobile industry have stated that this process cannot be sped up further however the government is attempting to introduce a vehicle health inspection mechanism throughout the country. This comes after the government opposed the order from the National Green Tribunal to ban diesel vehicles over ten years old. “A good engine is not limited by age. The fuel quality has to be improved to ensure pollution levels come down”, a senior government official claimed.
Pollution Under Control (PUC) checks will also be enforced more regularly by the road ministry.
The post New emission norms: early adoption of Bharat V and VI appeared first on India Transport Portal.
In the EU and other countries such as Japan and Korea, tyre labelling has helped increase consumer awareness and sales of high-performance fuel efficient tyres. It is only a matter of time before this legislation is enforced world over. European tyres carry information about the rolling resistance, wet braking distance and external noise. Indian tyre manufacturers with a global presence have to meet these labelling requirements wherein customers have easy accessibility to relevant information that influences their buying decisions.
Tyres are vital to achieve fuel economy. In an era where policymakers everywhere are trying to emphasize the importance of smart mobility to realize long-term sustainability, labeling tyres will be a huge step forward. Low-rolling resistance tyres can reduce fuel consumption by minimizing energy losses (heat) “between the tire and the road, within the tire sidewall itself, and between the tire and the rim.” Research indicates fuel savings of 1–2% if the rolling resistance of the tyre is reduced by 10%. Axel Vassen, who heads the Lanxess Green Tyres Initiaive, said, “Tire labeling creates transparency for consumers and helps to reduce CO2 emissions.” He added, “Tires optimized in terms of their rolling resistance can make fleet operation more efficient, cost-effective and environmentally friendly.” Though the initial investment may be a bit steep, these tyres are worth every penny because they help reduce emissions and gas mileage significantly in the long run. Billions of litres of fuel can be saved annually if replacement tyres also have low rolling resistance. India has announced its intention to reduce its carbon intensity by 20 to 25% by the end of this decade. Perhaps now there will be more “green” tyres available in the local market.
India has no tyre labelling scheme in place as of now. “Reducing rolling resistance of tyres for fuel saving is an identified need applicable for every market, and the same is applicable for the market in India. But the question is that how long it will take for the Indian market to be ready for this challenge and to realize the potential benefits,” said Apollo’s Chief Advisor, R&D, P.K. Mohamed. He added: “Nonetheless, India being a vibrant and fast developing market, the poor quality of infrastructure, inefficient practices in transportation industry & automobile operations and lack of proper knowledge about the right application, makes it very difficult for tyres to operate in and realize their potential.” India suffers from the lack of adequate infrastructure and roads are anything but well-maintained in many places. Bringing in tyre thresholds will benefit the commercial vehicle segment so much more as they usually “operate under very high vertical load conditions.”
There is no doubt that India cannot sit idle if it has to compete in the global market. Tyre labelling will have to be made mandatory sooner than later. There is no national tyre policy either. Enforcing tyre legislation is no easy task but promoting the use of green tyres could be. Indian authorities will have to learn from the EU experience and study the impact of introducing tyre thresholds in other countries before they enforce standards that will work in the Indian context.