Pipe: Climate and Health

Skeptic of Climate Change Finds Himself a Target of Suspicion

Wed, 2014-07-16 00:00
John Christy, a highly credentialed University of Alabama professor, says warming predictions have been greatly overstated. His critics are many.

Big pharma teams up with big data

Tue, 2014-07-15 13:49
Google’s link with Novartis has beneficial implications for health but also raises regulatory questions

China Clarifies its Plans on Setting a CO2 Emissions Peak

Tue, 2014-07-15 10:48
A top Chinese official says the country may announce a peak year for climate-warming emissions soon.

Tropical Fish, Where They Don’t Belong

Tue, 2014-07-15 00:00
In warming seas, they are on the move, and are threatening kelp forests and sea grass meadows in temperate waters.

Australian Winemakers Respond to Climate Shift

Tue, 2014-07-15 00:00
Vintners are expanding operations to the island of Tasmania, where temperatures are cooler, out of fear that traditional growing regions are becoming too hot.

Mylan in $5.3bn Abbott deal

Mon, 2014-07-14 14:54
Portfolio of generic drugs snapped up as deal mania sweeps healthcare sector

Texas, Leader in Greenhouse Gases, Stands Vulnerable to Their Effects

Sun, 2014-07-13 00:00
Its economic boom heavily dependent on the emission-producing energy industry, Texas has resisted evidence of climate change, even within its own borders.

Pressure cell for reproducing deep-Earth chemistry

Fri, 2014-07-11 15:33
A new pressure cell makes it possible to simulate chemical reactions deep in the Earth's crust. The device could allow insights into deep-Earth chemistry and carbon cycling, 'fracking' and nuclear waste disposal.

Vasectomy study confirms cancer link

Fri, 2014-07-11 13:44
Long-term research shows extra risk, but health experts say this is not large enough to rule out the ‘snip’ as an option for contraception

Harm reduction: time to end the war on drugs?

Fri, 2014-07-11 11:49
Georgia’s policy is a striking example of an approach to drug abuse based on scientific evidence and what’s best for public health rather than harsh criminal justice

Smallpox: Whoops!

Thu, 2014-07-10 10:59

Not deleted yet SMALLPOX is a horrible disease. It is easily transmitted, causes blisters all over the body, and kills around 30% of those it infects. Or rather, it did, for smallpox no longer exists in nature. After a decades-long campaign of vaccination, the last wild case was diagnosed in 1977. Three years later, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the world free of the disease. The annihilation of an illness that as recently as 1967 was slaughtering 2m people a year is rightly seen as a triumph of modern medicine.But the virus is not gone completely. Officially, two reservoirs remain, behind locked doors and strict biosafety protocols, in secure laboratories run by America’s Centres for Disease Control (CDC) and the State Research Centre of Virology and Biotechnology, in Russia. On July 8th, though, the CDC announced that health researchers in Maryland had discovered vials of smallpox sitting in a forgotten fridge in a corner of a storehouse belonging to the Food and Drug Administration, America’s medical regulator.As soon as the vials were discovered they were taken to the CDC’s headquarters, in Atlanta, where they are...

Touted benefits of new EPA emissions limits may be misleading

Wed, 2014-07-09 18:22
Federal officials have diverged from past practices in estimating the effect of proposed new carbon dioxide emissions limitations, resulting in distorted estimates of benefits, two researchers say. A recent proposal from the Environmental Protection Agency would cut emissions from power plants in the United States by 15 percent and overall U.S. emissions by 5 percent. The EPA estimates it will cost $7.3 billion to comply, but provide worldwide climate benefits of $30 billion by 2030.

Short circuit in the food web: Complex interaction between algae and viruses

Wed, 2014-07-09 09:55
They are amongst the most numerous inhabitants of the sea: tiny haptophytes of the type Emiliania huxleyi. Not visible to the naked eye, when they are in bloom in spring, they form square kilometer sized patches, they are even visible on satellite images. “Together with other phytoplankton, Emiliania huxleyi is responsible for approximately half of the global photosynthesis output,” states one researcher. In the process the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide – CO2 – is extracted from the atmosphere and oxygen is set free. Thus the unicellular algae are a decisive factor for a stable world climate.

Blueprints for Taming the Climate Crisis

Wed, 2014-07-09 00:00
A report explores the technological paths available for the 15 main economies to maintain growth and cut carbon emissions enough to prevent climatic havoc.

Logging and burning cause the loss of 54 million tons of carbon a year in Amazonia

Tue, 2014-07-08 12:17
A study has quantified the impact that selective logging, partial destruction by burning, and fragmentation resulting from the development of pastures and plantations have had on the Amazon rainforest. In combination, these factors could be removing nearly 54 million tons of carbon from the forest each year, introduced into the atmosphere as greenhouse gases. This total represents up to 40 percent of the carbon loss caused by deforestation in the region.

Bonelli's Eagle diet reconstruction by means of isotope analysis to improve population conservation

Tue, 2014-07-08 09:21
Carbon, nitrogen and sulphur stable isotopes analysis is an effective technique to reconstruct nestling Bonelli’s Eagle diet, according to a new paper. Diet analyses are central to the study of avian trophic ecology and can be an important conservation tool. Despite the high number of studies on Bonelli's Eagle (Aquila fasciata) diet developed in Western Europe, eagle's relationship between prey consumption and vital parameters remains unknown.

Picking Lesser of Two Climate Evils

Tue, 2014-07-08 00:00
One of the biggest debates over global warming involves how much effort to put into stopping methane gas leaks.

SAR11, oceans' most abundant organism, has ability to create methane

Mon, 2014-07-07 17:11
The oxygen-rich surface waters of the world's major oceans are supersaturated with methane -- a powerful greenhouse gas that is roughly 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide -- yet little is known about the source of this methane. A new study demonstrates the ability of some strains of the oceans' most abundant organism -- SAR11 -- to generate methane as a byproduct of breaking down a compound for its phosphorus.

Water bonus flows from climate change measures

Mon, 2014-07-07 09:27
The equivalent of one-third of Melbourne's water use could be saved each year through the implementation of efficiency measures that deal with climate change, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed the water-saving potential of 74 options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions identified in ClimateWorks Australia's award-winning Low Carbon Growth Plan for Australia.

Taking Oil Industry Cue, Environmentalists Drew Emissions Blueprint

Mon, 2014-07-07 00:00
To influence carbon policy, the Natural Resources Defense Council followed a strategy used by the oil industry during the Bush administration.