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Pipe: Climate and Health

To Save the Planet, Don’t Plant Trees

Sat, 2014-09-20 00:00
Reforestation might seem like a simple solution to climate change, but the science shows it could make global warming worse.

Climate Change: Dwindling wind may tip predator-prey balance

Fri, 2014-09-19 14:28
Rising temperatures and shifting precipitation patterns may get the lion’s share of our climate change attention, but predators may want to give some thought to wind, according to a zoologist’s study, which is among the first to demonstrate the way “global stilling” may alter predator-prey relationships.

Michael Bloomberg, Now a U.N. Climate Envoy, Presses the Case for Urban Action

Fri, 2014-09-19 13:08
Michael Bloomberg, a mayor turned U.N. climate envoy, explains what cities can do to blunt climate change and its impacts.

Religion and climate change: Competing to save the earth

Fri, 2014-09-19 12:26
WHEN heads of government from across the world convene in New York next week to consider ways of cooling the planet, a crescendo of religiously-inspired voices, as well as secular green rallying cries, will be resounding in their ears. During the 48 hours before the big meeting opens on September 23rd, two worthy inter-faith organisations—the World Council of Churches and Religions for Peace—will host a "summit" of their own, backed by 30 prominent faith leaders. Meanwhile, it is hoped that millions of people of "faith and moral belief" from across the world will have signed up to an e-petition, ourvoices.net, which urges the world's political leaders to act boldly on climate change, both in New York and at next year's "make-or-break" session in Paris.The petition, organised by the British pioneer of green investment, Tessa Tennant, has won backing from a series of "ambassadors" who are already familiar figures in the world of faith and religion. They include: Sally Bingham, a California-based Episcopal cleric whose energy-saving initiatives have drawn in 15,000 communities and parishes; Mary Evelyn Tucker, who runs the Forum on Religion and Ecology at Yale University; Seraphim Kykkotis, an Orthodox archbishop based in southern ...

Errors and Emissions

Fri, 2014-09-19 00:00
Fighting climate change could be cheaper and easier than almost anyone imagines if we wouldn’t give in to the despair.

Errors and Emissions

Fri, 2014-09-19 00:00
Fighting climate change could be cheaper and easier than almost anyone imagines if we wouldn’t give in to the despair.

With Eye on 2016, Christie Resists Climate-Change Plan for New Jersey

Fri, 2014-09-19 00:00
Gov. Chris Christie is adamant that New Jersey not participate in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, though most legislators say it would be good for the state.

The week ahead: September 18th 2014: Green deals

Thu, 2014-09-18 14:53
GOVERNMENTS meet in New York for the UN climate summit, Sierra Leone implements a curfew to combat Ebola and Europe's separatist movements take notes from Scotland's referendum Comment Expiry Date:  Fri, 2014-10-03

Fall foliage season may be later, but longer on warmer earth

Thu, 2014-09-18 13:48
The fall foliage season in some areas of the United States could come much later and possibly last a little longer by the end of the century as climate change causes summer temperatures to linger later into the year, according researchers. The delay could result in a longer growing season that would affect carbon uptake, agriculture, water supplies and animal behavior, among many other areas.

Curbing climate change: The deepest cuts

Thu, 2014-09-18 11:01
UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Xi who must be obeyed Fly Title:  Curbing climate change Rubric:  Our guide to the actions that have done the most to slow global warming Main image:  20140920_FBD001_1.jpg ON SEPTEMBER 23rd 120-odd presidents and prime ministers will gather in New York for a UN meeting on climate change. It is the first time the subject has brought so many leaders together since the ill-fated Copenhagen summit of 2009. Now, as then, they will assert that reining in global warming is a political priority. Some may commit their governments to policies aimed at reducing greenhouse-gas emissions. What few will say is how many tonnes of carbon dioxide these will save—because they almost never do. According to scientists, cutting carbon-dioxide emissions is an essential part of reducing catastrophic risks from climate change. Yet governments are persistently averse to providing estimates of how much carbon a policy saves. That may be because, in countries where climate change ...

Greenhouse gases: Paris via Montreal

Thu, 2014-09-18 11:01
UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Xi who must be obeyed Fly Title:  Greenhouse gases Rubric:  The quickest way to cut greenhouse gases is to expand the Montreal protocol IN 1974 two chemistry professors, Frank Rowland and Mario Molina, predicted that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), a set of chemicals used in refrigeration, would gradually decompose, release chlorine into the stratosphere and break down the ozone layer which protects Earth from ultraviolet radiation. The chairman of DuPont, a chemical company, called their idea “a load of rubbish”. Eleven years later, scientists discovered a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica, and two years after that governments negotiated an agreement, the Montreal protocol, to phase out CFCs. Messrs Rowland and Molina now share a Nobel prize; the ozone layer has been preserved and, as a happy consequence, the climate as a whole has benefited. CFCs are powerful greenhouse gases and the Montreal protocol has reduced them by the equivalent of 135 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (compared with doing nothing), making it by ...

Towards a treaty: The shadow of Copenhagen

Thu, 2014-09-18 11:01
UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Xi who must be obeyed Fly Title:  Towards a treaty Rubric:  A 2015 UN climate agreement is possible, but it will not be bold NEXT year the signatories to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change will meet in Paris to try to negotiate a new agreement—just as they did in Copenhagen in 2009. Those Nordic negotiations ended in acrimony: one non-governmental organisation (NGO) described the city as “a climate crime scene...with the guilty men and women fleeing to the airport in shame.” Five years later, has anything changed? Plenty, say many NGOs. The costs of climate change are becoming clearer, according to recent reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of scientists who advise governments. There is more agreement among governments, economists and business people that climate change will be a big economic problem unless checked. The preliminary UN powwow in New York next week is intended to build on this feeling of common concern. And the politics seem more promising. While Barack Obama could not ...

Encouraging climate action: Try jam today

Thu, 2014-09-18 11:01
UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Xi who must be obeyed Fly Title:  Encouraging climate action Rubric:  Policies to slow down warming may be more attractive if framed as ways of speeding up growth FOR years, people who worry about climate change have tried to persuade, cajole or scare governments into doing more to stop it. Nothing has made much difference. Carbon-dioxide emissions have risen relentlessly; in 2013 the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increased at its fastest rate for 30 years. Now, a team of the great and the good has a cannier pitch. In the lead-up to the New York climate-change summit they have issued a report arguing not that global warming will destroy the Earth, but that much of what is needed to reduce its risks would be a good idea anyway. The group is chaired by Felipe Calderón, a former president of Mexico, and Nicholas Stern, author of an early review of the economics of climate change which played up the costs of inaction more than benefits of action. Its members are a Who’s Who of global influence: four former presidents ...

Mining the microbiome for medicines: Set a thief...

Thu, 2014-09-18 11:01

NO NOVEL classes of antibiotic drugs have been produced for 25 years and, though scare stories about the consequences of emerging resistance to old ones are often exaggerated (the disappearance of bacterial diseases in rich countries in the 20th century owed far more to better public health and vaccines than to antibiotics), resistance is indeed on the rise. A bigger armoury would therefore be welcome.Natural antibiotics are weapons used by one micro-organism against another, so it is among micro-organisms that antibiotics-hunters hunt. But at the moment, they do so using a technique described by some, rather scathingly, as “grind and find”. Microbes are picked almost at random from the wild (one successful antibiotic, for example, began with a sample collected on Easter Island), then grown in laboratory conditions to see what turns up. If you are looking for weapons against human pathogens, though, surely the best place to look is in the human microbiome itself, for this collection of bugs that live on people’s skins and in their guts (see article) are the ones most likely to have evolved chemicals designed to deal specifically with interlopers invading their human territory.And that, as described in a paper...

Carbon dioxide converted into a valuable resource

Thu, 2014-09-18 09:10
Researchers have opened a pilot plant that converts carbon dioxide and slag, the by-product of steel manufacturing, into a valuable mineral product. The product, Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC), is used in e.g. plastics, papers, rubbers and paints. The innovative plant represents the next stage prior commercialization of a new process that consumes carbon dioxide in order to convert a low-value by-product into a highly valuable resource for industry.

Busy Days Precede a March Focusing on Climate Change

Thu, 2014-09-18 00:00
Organizers of the People’s Climate March hope to attract thousands of participants from across the world for the event, which will take place through midtown.

Study links artificial sweeteners to obesity

Wed, 2014-09-17 13:40
A new study has cast doubt on the health benefits of artificial sweeteners adopted by the food and drinks industry as a substitute for sugar

Can the U.S. and China Find Harmony in Pursuing Climate Progress?

Wed, 2014-09-17 12:22
A close look at the intensifying dance between the United States and China over how to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Mobility model is closely linked to the city's characteristics

Wed, 2014-09-17 12:07
The massive use of motor vehicles leads to a whole host of problems, such as pollution, noise, accidents, occupation of space and others, which need to be tackled in two ways, according to the authors of new research: by improving the offer of public transport and properly managing the mobility demand.

Global shift away from cars would save US$100 trillion, eliminate 1,700 MT of CO2 pollution

Wed, 2014-09-17 07:33
More than $100 trillion in cumulative public and private spending, and 1,700 megatons of annual carbon dioxide -- a 40 percent reduction of urban passenger transport emissions -- could be eliminated by 2050 if the world expands public transportation, walking and cycling in cities, according to a new report.

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